Wed 31 May 2023 9:11 pm - Jerusalem Time
Are the policies of the Netanyahu government pushing towards the arena of breaking bones?
The Israeli campaigns for the return of settlement and its encouragement in the West Bank, especially in the evacuated "Homesh" settlement, are led by Yemeni parties and extremist settlers, who used religious reasons to justify their calls, claiming that the lands of the Homesh area, which is considered governmental, and vast areas of it, are owned by Palestinian farmers from the town of Silat al-Dhahr and the village of Burqin, for its religious importance.
However, experts and specialists in Israeli affairs questioned these allegations, and revealed, in their interview with Al-Quds.com, the real reasons and dimensions of these policies, which enjoy great support and coverage from the most extreme right-wing government in Israel.
Muawiya Kamel, an Israeli expert from Jenin, revealed that the first nucleus of the "Homesh" settlement was established in the form of a military base belonging to the Nahal Brigade in 1978, and it is one of the Israeli army's means of controlling Palestinian lands, and then converting them into civilian settlements, noting that this method It spread intensively after the emergence of the Gush Emunim movement and the intensification of settlement construction in the late days of the Labor government led by Rabin and the rise of Menachem Begin and the Likud in 1977.
Returning to the data and facts of history, Kamel explained that in 1980 the military base turned into a civilian settlement in which about seventy families, half or more of whom were secular Jews, resided. More than half of the settlers left the settlement after the outbreak of the second intifada and were replaced by settlers from the national religious movement.
Kamel mentioned that the settlement was named by this name, according to some Hebrew sources, after five villages that existed in the area during the Talmud period, which lasted from the year 70 AD until the Islamic conquest. Five in Greek - Homesh means five or five, in Hebrew - Fanta means five and Qawmiyya means villages.
Kamel believes that the return of settlement to the place “Homesh” is related to the activities of the settlement movements, including the hilltop youth who see settlement in every inch of “Land of Israel”, specifically in what is called “Judea and Samaria”, as a sacred call in itself, in which the apparatus complies with them. Security over most of its components, but on the condition that this does not conflict with the strategic interests of the state, especially relations with the United States.
Security reasons ..
And Kamel indicated that there is an important team in the army and security in the occupying state, which believes that the evacuation of settlements and military bases in the Jenin area and contentment with mobile control of the city and its surroundings without a permanent presence, was the reason for the deterioration of the security situation in the Jenin area in particular, leading to the loss of control in the last two years.
He added, "They prove this by the calm in areas such as Hebron, where there is settlement density and the ability of the Israeli army to move quickly, due to the presence of settlement blocs."
And Kamel indicated that they publicly support the return specifically to the settlement of Homesh and Tarsla (Sanor), and this is expressed publicly and without equivocation by the leaders of the so-called security current - a supra-political association, but it is actually a right-wing movement that upholds security and strategic interests, and calls for preserving the legacy of the Land of Israel as well and clings to By remaining in every inch of the West Bank, while giving the Palestinians autonomy related to pure life affairs only, without the existence of a political entity for them, the Zionist project.
The expert Kamel believes that what is happening with the Homesh issue is a translation of the logic of settlement, which is the same logic of the Zionist project, since this cancer arose on the land of Palestine more than a hundred years ago, a fence and a tower, then the removal of the fence and the tower.
He added: "In other words, the creeping nibbling, but with much wisdom and as much strength as possible, and if it requires taking a step, two steps, or ten backwards, we can do that, but in order to go back and crawl again."
And with the approval of the Netanyahu government to dismantle the disengagement law and legislate the return of settlers, opening the way for ultra-extremists to rebuild and settle in Homesh.
The researcher specialized in Israeli affairs, Muhammad Jaradat, confirmed that the occupation fabricated the issue of sanctity and religious reasons, to implement its dangerous plans to perpetuate settlement and Judaization in Palestine, questioning the fabricated narrative about the sanctity of the place in Israel.
The specialist Jaradat said: "Close to Nablus towards Jenin, the Homesh settlement was built on the Palestinian Mount Qubaibat, between Cyrenaica and the way of al-Dhahr, close to the Romanian Sebastia, where Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi rested on his journey towards Jenin, and the Jews fabricated a sanctity for it, which was dissipated in 2005. When Sharon ordered its evacuation, and accordingly the disengagement law was issued, in addition to a number of settlements in Gaza and the West Bank, so that the settlers returned in 2009 to Homesh, to open a biblical school, which is the school whose continued existence required the establishment of several military points after the operation that was carried out by a group of Islamic Jihad youth in Jenin, in which three settlers were killed and injured, one of whom had been working as a guard for the school since its opening.
Jaradat mentioned that when the Homesh settlement was evacuated in 2005, some soldiers tried to revolt, and raised the slogan Homesh like Tel Aviv, which is repeated today after the rise of the ultra-right to power in the Hebrew entity, and he said: “Netanyahu considered that Homesh is the land of the ancestors, and that Its settlers are the pioneers of the Zionists, at a time when these pioneers had dealt months ago with a deal offered to them by the Minister of War, Gantz, to evacuate Homesh, in exchange for installing the Avitar settlement on Mount Sabih, also adjacent to Nablus, a mountain whose owners have been struggling peacefully for years, and ten of them have risen as martyrs in This is a peaceful struggle."
The researcher Jaradat believes that the contradictions of the biblical holiness of the political and military leadership in the Hebrew entity change according to developments in the field. What is sacred today may become a security threat in the near future, or a national interest for the entity, and what threatens the life of the Israeli is forbidden according to Jewish law.
He added, "What prompted Sharon to evacuate the Yamit settlement in Sinai in 1982, after it was nominated after Tel Aviv and Haifa to be the third largest coastal city, is the same Sharon who transformed Joseph's shrine in the same year, to become a holy Jewish shrine, and he is the same who evacuated Homesh." He concluded by saying and asking, "Are the teenagers of Netanyahu and his allies, Ben Gvir and Smotrich in the West Bank, pushing towards a bone-breaking field that makes the lions' den of Nablus and its victorious battalion make settlers forget the sanctity of the alleged bones in Nablus and its environs from Jabal Sabih to Homesh?"
In his answer to the question, researcher Farid Abdullah asserts that all situations are subject to explosion and collision in all axes, if the settler government does not back down from its extremist and racist policies, Judaization schemes, land confiscation, the establishment of outposts, and the return of settlers to areas from which settlements were removed from Jenin Governorate, such as Homesh, Tarsla Sanour, Janim, and Kadim.
He added, "Simply using religious reasons as a cover to mislead the world and Israel's allies, but Palestinians are convinced that the settlement background stems from the policy of the far-right government."
And he continued: "In return for the support, encouragement, protection and arming that Israel provides to the settlers, the Palestinian territories are experiencing a state of anger and boiling, and a popular mood is heading towards resistance, which has established a new basis in conflict and clash, embodied by armed groups and brigades that have become present and effective on a daily basis in confronting and challenging the occupation, and issued decisions By pursuing and resisting settlers and banning their presence in the West Bank and Jerusalem.”
The specialist Abdullah considered the return to Homesh as a starting point for igniting a spark of violent armed resistance, especially in the Jenin area, which has turned into a hotbed of resistance and a warhead in resisting the occupation. The location, the weapon, and the only option, is the armed struggle, and it is no longer a secret to anyone, the strength of the Jenin Battalion of the Al-Quds Brigades and the Martyrs Brigade of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades.
He added: "The presence of these cells, their willingness to fight and develop their struggle tools, and the failure of the occupation to eliminate them, confirms that the region is on the verge of a battle that will not stop regardless of the difference in the balance of power, but it expresses a solid Palestinian position in confronting the occupation and its settlers and rejecting their presence at all costs." .